When a patient is told they may need spine surgery, the first question they often have is about the risk. Doctors at the Spine Clinic of Oklahoma City are making strides in minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) ensuring reduced risk for their patients when compared with traditional approaches.
awesome power. Some have turned to brain engineering in an attempt to transcend humanity and become cyborgs, merging directly with computer to augment their intelligence. In the medical field, researchers are using brain engineering to try to cure diseases that have long plagued humanity. These can be diseases affecting motor function or mental health, and the results of this research will have far-reaching implications for the future of humanity.
Many surgeons believe that the use of a 3D-printed drill guide template shortens operative time and reduces intraoperative blood loss compared with those of the free-hand technique. In this study, we investigated the effects of a drill guide template on the accuracy of pedicle screw placement (the screw placed completely in the pedicle), operative time, and intraoperative blood loss.